Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Some basic rules for ASA citations are:
- All citations should be double spaced
- Indent after the first line of each entry
- Entries are not numbered
- Alphabetize by the first word of the entry
- A reference list follows the text and footnotes in a separate section headed References.
- If no date is available, use N.d. in place of the date. If the cited material is unpublished but has been accepted for publication, use Forthcoming in place of the date and give the name of the publisher or journal.
- Include the state abbreviation only if the city of publication is not clear. Also, when the publisher name includes the location, the state abbreviation is not needed.
- Use Vol. # (i.e. Vol. 3), if using a specific volume in a collected works.