Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Authors in Truabian Format
- Authors that are organizations, corporations, government entities, etc. Do not invert or use abbreviations.
- Include all authors regardless of number in the order they appear on the book's title page when creating your Bibliography. Abbreviated author entries, of 4 or more authors, are allowed in endnotes or footnotes, using the terms "et al." or "and others."
- First author’ name is inverted to Last name, first name.
- Add (Ed. or Eds.) after editor’s names when using editors in place of author’s names
- If an entire edited book is cited, the editor is listed as the author with the abbreviation "(Ed.)" after his name, or "(Eds.)" if there is more than one editor.
If an entire edited book with authored chapters is cited, the editor is listed as the author with the abbreviation "ed." after his name, or "eds." if there are more than one editor. Multiple editors are formatted the same way as authors.
- List first editor with the last name first, followed by a comma and "ed."
- Example: Smith, John D., ed.
- Multiple editors are separated by the word and and are followed with a comma and "eds."
- Example: Smith, John D., and Rosemary L. Jones, eds.
- Example: Smith, John D., Rosemary L. Jones, and Steven G. Harper, eds.
- Only the first editor's name is inverted. Second and third authors are formatted normally
- Omit Inc., Co., Publishing Co., etc.
- Omit The if it is included at the beginning of the Publisher’s name