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Citation Guide: How to cite PERSONAL COMMUNICATION

A guide to create citations for bibliographies and works cited in reference papers.

Personal Interview

If you did the interview, list who you interviewed and how the interview was done.

Last Name, First Name. Type of Interview. Date of Interview.


Bush, George. Telephone interview. 15 Apr. 2008.

Fried, Jolene. Personal interview. 20 June 2009.

Letter, Memo, or an e-mail


Last name, First name Middle initial.  E-mailed to name, Date of message.


Yates, Corbin. E-mailed to Daniel D. Williams, 21 June 2009.

Smith, John. E-mailed to author, 25 Apr. 2021.


Author. “Tweet.” Twitter, date of tweet, time, URL.


@persiankiwi. “We have report of large street battles in east & west of Tehran now - #Iranelection.” Twitter, 23 June 2009, 11:15 a.m.,